Supported Employment for Schizophrenia

Status: Strong Research Support

Description

Supported Employment (SE; also known as Individual Placement and Support) is an approach to vocational rehabilitation (VR) adapted for individuals with serious mental illness. Supported employment emphasizes the integration of employment and mental health services, rapid placement of individuals into jobs in the community, individualized job development, and ongoing job supports. Rather than segregating vocational rehabilitation and mental health services, supported employment specialists are part of the clientís treatment team. The goal of supported employment is to assist the person with schizophrenia in attaining competitive, community-based employment. As compared to more traditional VR approaches for this population (e.g. clubhouse models, transitional employment), the community-based nature of SE facilitates transfer of skills into real-world work settings, directly builds relationships with employers, and provides more naturalistic opportunities to identify the clientís interests and strengths.


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